Growing concern over climate change driven by man-made
carbon emissions is prompting governments world wide to look
at ways of stabilizing or reducing their carbon footprint. The
United Kingdom unveiled plans to set a “legally binding” target
to cut carbon emissions by 60% by 2050 and the European Union has agreed to cut emissions
by 20% between now and 2020.
New, more energy efﬁcient technologies will play a large part on
achieving these targets, with the emphasis being on making better use of existing resources in
the short term while planning for new forms of energy in the
Nanotechnologies, already funded to the tune of four billion
pounds by governments worldwide, are becoming a major
weapon in the struggle against climate change. The six
technologies discussed in this report are all available now or
within the next two years, and some have been making stealthy
inroads into global industry for as long as a decade.
Typical examples are better insulated buildings using aerogels
which can help reduce the 30% of carbon emissions generated
from households, while lighter, stronger materials based on
nanotechnology are being used in cars, busses and aeroplanes to
dramatically improve fuel efﬁciency.
Simultaneously, advances in fuel cells and hybrid electric
powered vehicles are enabling the world’s largest automotive
manufacturers to produce low or zero-emission vehicles that
combine energy efﬁciency with the kind of performance that
consumers are accustomed to.
In the meantime, the use of fuelborne catalysts based on nanomaterials
are being used to improve diesel fuel efﬁciency by as much as 10%.
This report gives an introduction to the key technologies being
used, their impact on emissions, their availability and the key
players involved. For more detailed information contact us at